Posted by lobo
on Saturday, January 20th 2024:
In Reply to: Indian Reservation posted by Nora Hopkins on Saturday, January 20th 2024:
A great question!
Short answer, the lands you are referring to was a legitimate transfer of property from the Native Americans to the settlers!
The land was inhabited by the Siwanoy Indians, who’s Chief was Wampage. In the early 1640’s, an Englishman, John Throgmorton and his party settled the area (Throgs Neck). Throgmorton had no agreement with Chief Wampage. Shortly afterwards Throgmorton granted a parcel to Anne Hutchinson and her party. In 1643 the Lenape Indians were engaged in a skirmish with the Dutch New Amsterdam settlers. It was known as Kieft’s War. History has it that Chief Wampage had visited both settlements on his grounds instructing the settlers to vacate the lands. When Kieft’s War broke out, Wampage set out with a war party to remove the settlers that chose to remain. Throgmorton & his party had been alerted upon the Indian approach, and escaped via boats into the water. Wampage destroyed the settlement, Throgmorton & his party vacated. Anne Hutchinson was not as fortunate. She was massacred with all her children, save one, along with others in her party who had earlier chose to stay behind.
Wampage did eventually sell about 10,000 acres or so of this property in the mid 1650’s to Thomas Pell. The sale of this land is well documented. Chief Wampage & other notable Siwanoy leaders signed a pact under what was known as the “Treaty Oak”, near where the Bartow Pell Mansion is today. So, in this case, the lands you are questioning are historically documented as having legitimate transfer from Native Americans to settlers, with no disputes as far as I have researched!
That being said, some lands outside of the Bronx were disputed between the Native Americans & settlers. A few of these came to light under English occupation, and were legally contested. This was a major reason why Chief Ninham, of the Wappinger Nation, sided with the American cause during the Revolutionary War. Chief Ninham and the Stockbridge Indians were involved in the Battle of Kingsbridge, and fought the British right outside the northern gates of Woodlawn Cemetery. That is another story!
Reference ID: BX91942