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Re: History of Bronx at Westchester Square

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Posted by lobo on Wednesday, August 24th 2022:

In Reply to: Re: History of Bronx at Westchester Square posted by Philip B Migliore on Saturday, August 20th 2022:

Hi Phillip,
Enjoyed your post on Westchester Square history. Well done!
Regarding the Indians that occupied the Bronx & surrounding areas, they were a peaceful people. Sadly, many violent disputes erupted during the course of Dutch & English occupations.

The Throckmorton Party established a settlement at Throgs Neck. He did not acquire a deed, nor had an agreement from the local Native Indians to settle the area. Throckmorton granted a parcel of land he had claimed to the Hutchinson Party. Long story very short, The local Indians visited both sites and strongly urged the settlers to cease building, pack up & leave. They did not harm the settlers at that time. The Throckmorton Party pretty much stayed put. Some in the Hutchinson Party are believed to have left, but Ann Hutchinson & a few others in her party opted to stay & rebuild.
By this time, (1643) disagreements between the Indians & settlers, which had been brewing for several years, had come to a head. This resulted in what is known as "Kieft's War". Please research the "Pavonia Massacre" of 1643 (present day Jersey City) to see the brutality inflicted upon the Indians.
It is believed it was during this escalation that the subsequent visit to the settlements led to the violence that ensued. The Throckmorton Party saw the Indians approaching, and made off in their boats to the safety of the waters. The Hutchinson Party was ill prepared for the Indian reprisal, and cost the life of Hutchinson & several of her children.
In 1645, a peace treaty was signed ending the hostilities, only to come to a head again in 1655 in what is known as the "Peach Tree Wars"...and that is another complicated story in itself! I have been researching Native American Indians of the Bronx & Westchester for several years, incredibly fascinating.

Reference ID: BX90678


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