Posted by lobo
on Thursday, December 27th 2018:
In Reply to: WHAT WERE THE NATIVE ANIMALS IN THE BRONX posted by Alvin L. on Monday, December 24th 2018:
Up to 1630, you would have seen much more forested areas (ash trees probably being the most common), with a main Indian trail running north to south to Albany (Broadway/Rte 9). Many other trails divulged from this running east to west and north to south as well. Home of the Delaware Indians who called themselves Lenni Lenape. They spoke Algonquin, Muncee dialect. All total Manhattan & Bronx their may have been several hundred at most, spread out throughout Manhattan with about five to seven major tribes.
Inwood Hill Park is the last bastion of glimpsing with the naked eye what the Bronx & Manhattan areas were like to these Indians up to the 1600's, both in geological/geographical terms & indigenous plant life. What has disappeared since then, and now making a comeback are deer, wolves & fox. Beavers were first indigenous mammals to be wiped out, so finding Jose the beaver in the Bronx zoo, (he was damming a portion of the Bronx River which led to his subsequent discovery several years ago) was a big deal! As far as birds, most all the hawks & eagles are coming back, but the northern bluebird is not. They were displaced by starlings, a non indigenous bird brought over from Europe in the 1800's by a wealthy British philanthropist living in NY.
Most importantly & most sadly is that in the aftermath of the Battle of Kingsbridge in the north west Bronx in 1778, a contingent of Pro-American Indians from Stockbridge Massachusetts spearheaded the battle against the British. Most of them were wiped out, while American forces chose not to enter the fray. The surviving wounded Indians were left in the care of pro american homesteaders in the area, most of whom had never seen an American Indian until then! Sadly, the population of Native American Indians were displaced from Manhattan & Bronx areas between 1630 and 1700, an average lifetime for a human!
Reference ID: BX85977